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Oracle Application Server 10g (9.0.4) Portal Installation On RedHat Advanced Server 2.1

In this article I'll describe the installation of Oracle Application Server 10g (9.0.4) Portal, Oracle's standards-based portal development and deployment solution, on RedHat Advanced Server 2.1. The article assumes you've performed the standard advanced server installation including the development tools. The base release of the kernel does not support Oracle AS 10g so you must run up2date before proceeding.

Download Software

Download the following software.

Unpack Files

First unzip the files.

gunzip ias904_linux_disk1.cpio.gz
gunzip ias904_linux_disk2.cpio.gz
gunzip ias904_linux_disk3.cpio.gz
gunzip ias904_linux_disk4.cpio.gz

Next unpack the contents of the files.

cpio -idmv < ias904_linux_disk1.cpio
cpio -idmv < ias904_linux_disk2.cpio
cpio -idmv < ias904_linux_disk3.cpio
cpio -idmv < ias904_linux_disk4.cpio

You should now have four directories (Disk1, Disk2, Disk3 & Disk4) containing installation files.

Hosts File

The "/etc/hosts" file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.

<IP-address>  <fully-qualified-machine-name>  <machine-name>

Set Kernel Parameters

Add the following lines to the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file.

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 142
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 256 32000 100 142
fs.file-max = 131072
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 20000 65000
kernel.msgmni = 2878 
kernel.msgmax = 8192 
kernel.msgmnb = 65535

Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters.

/sbin/sysctl -p

Add the following lines to the "/etc/security/limits.conf" file.

*               soft    nproc   16384
*               hard    nproc   16384
*               soft    nofile  65536
*               hard    nofile  65536

Add the following line to the "/etc/pam.d/login" file, if it does not already exist.

session    required     pam_limits.so

Setup

Install the following packages.

# From RedHat AS2.1 Disk 1
cd /mnt/cdrom/RedHat/RPMS
rpm -Uvh openmotif-2.1.30-11.i386.rpm

# From RedHat AS2.1 Disk 2
cd /mnt/cdrom/RedHat/RPMS
rpm -Uvh pdksh-5.2.14-13.i386.rpm
rpm -Uhh compat-glibc-6.2-2.1.3.2.i386.rpm

Create the new groups and users.

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
groupadd oper

useradd -g oinstall -G dba -s /bin/ksh oracle
passwd oracle

Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed.

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/904_infra
mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/904_portal
chown -R oracle.oinstall /u01

Login as root and issue the following command.

xhost +<machine-name>

Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the ".profile" file.

# Oracle Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/904_infra; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:/opt/IBMJava2-131/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/dcm/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/opmn/bin; export PATH
PATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/Apache/Apache/bin; export PATH

#LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
#CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
    ulimit -p 16384
    ulimit -n 16384
  else
    ulimit -u 16384 -n 16384
  fi
fi

PS1="`hostname`> "
set -o emacs
set filec

Infrastructure Installation

Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.

DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY

Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the Disk1 directory.

./runInstaller

During the installation select the appropriate ORACLE_HOME for infrastructure (904_infra) and select the infrastructure installation.

Post Infrastructure Installation

On completion of the infrastructure installation connect to the Enterprise Manager Website (http://<fully-qualified-machine-name>:1810) using the username "ias_admin" and the password you assigned during the installation. If EM is not available start it with the "emctl start iasconsole" command. Check that all the components are started before proceeding to the portal installation.

Portal Installation

Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.

DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY

Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the Disk1 directory.

./runInstaller

During the installation select the appropriate ORACLE_HOME for portal (904_portal) and select the application server installation, with the portal and wireless option.

Post Portal Installation

On completion of the portal installation connect to enterprise manager and check the portal components are all started before you proceed to test portal.

Portal Usage

With all the services running you can start using portal at the following URL.

http://<fully-qualified-machine-name>:7778/pls/portal

The port number for portal can vary depending on the installation but it is recorded in the "904_portal/Apache/Apache/setupinfo.txt" file.

Once at this page you can login using either "portal", the portal DBA user, or "portal_admin", the portal administrator user. The passwords will be the value assigned during the installation.

Starting and Stopping Services

It is recommended that the services are always started and stopped using Enterprise Manager Website. If this cannot be done for some reason they can be started and stopped manually as follows.

# Start everything
dbstart
lsnrctl start
agentctl start
oidmon start
oidctl server=oidldapd instance=1 configset=1 start
dcmctl start -cl
emctl start iasconsole

# Stop everything
emctl stop iasconsole
dcmctl shutdown
oidctl server=oidldapd instance=1 configset=1 stop
oidmon stop
agentctl stop
lsnrctl stop
dbshut

For more information see:

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

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