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Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.1) Installation On Fedora 7 (F7)

In this article I'll describe the installation of Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2.0.1) on Fedora 7. The article is based on a Fedora 7 (F7 x86) Server Installation with a minimum of 2G swap, secure Linux disabled and the following package groups installed.

Alternative installations may require more packages to be loaded, in addition to the ones listed below.

Note. There are a number of Fedora Core 6 packages that are required to get Oracle installed, linked and running. I'm not suggesting this will result in a stable Linux platform, but it does work.

Download Software

Download the following software.

Unpack Files

Unzip the files.

unzip 10201_database_linux32.zip

You should now have a single directory containing installation files. Depending on the age of the download this may either be named "db/Disk1" or "database".

Hosts File

The "/etc/hosts" file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.

<IP-address>  <fully-qualified-machine-name>  <machine-name>

Set Kernel Parameters

Add the following lines to the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file.

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=262144
net.core.rmem_max=262144
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=262144

Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters.

/sbin/sysctl -p

Add the following lines to the "/etc/security/limits.conf" file.

*               soft    nproc   2047
*               hard    nproc   16384
*               soft    nofile  1024
*               hard    nofile  65536

Add the following line to the "/etc/pam.d/login" file, if it does not already exist.

session    required     pam_limits.so

Disable secure linux by editing the "/etc/selinux/config" file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows.

SELINUX=disabled

Alternatively, this alteration can be done using the GUI tool (Desktop > System Settings > Security Level). Click on the SELinux tab and disable the feature.

Setup

Install the following packages.

# From Fedora 7 DVD
cd /media/dvd/Fedora
rpm -Uvh setarch-*
rpm -Uvh --force tcl-*
rpm -Uvh compat-db-*
rpm -Uvh --force libXau-devel-*

# Not available on Fedora 7 DVD, but available from standard yum repository.
yum install libXp libaio
yum install compat-libstdc++* compat-libf2c* compat-gcc* compat-libgcc*

Create the new groups and users.

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
groupadd oper

useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
passwd oracle

Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed.

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
chown -R oracle.oinstall /u01

Login as root and issue the following command.

xhost +<machine-name>

Edit the "/etc/redhat-release" file replacing the current release information (Fedora release 7 (Moonshine)) with the following.

redhat-4

Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the ".bash_profile" file.

# Oracle Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/10.2.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_SID=TSH1; export ORACLE_SID
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jre:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
    ulimit -p 16384
    ulimit -n 65536
  else
    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
  fi
fi

Installation

Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.

DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY

Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory.

./runInstaller

Enter the appropriate ORACLE_HOME and name then continue with the installation.

For a more detailed look at the installation process, click on the links below to see screen shots of each stage.

  1. Select Installation Method
  2. Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials
  3. Select Installation Type
  4. Specify Home Details
  5. Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks
  6. Select Configuration Option
  7. Select Database Configuration
  8. Specify Database Configuration Options
  9. Select Database Management Option
  10. Specify Database Storage Option
  11. Specify Backup and Recovery Options
  12. Specify Database Schema Passwords
  13. Summary
  14. Install
  15. Configuration Assistants
  16. Database Configuration Assistant
  17. Database Configuration Assistant Password Management
  18. Execute Configuration Scripts
  19. End Of Installation

Post Installation

Edit the "/etc/redhat-release" file restoring the original release information.

Fedora release 7 (Moonshine)

Finally edit the "/etc/oratab" file setting the restart flag for each instance to 'Y'.

TSH1:/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1:Y

For more information see:

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

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