Oracle 8i | Oracle 9i | Oracle 10g | Oracle 11g | Oracle 12c | Miscellaneous | PL/SQL | SQL | Oracle RAC | Oracle Apps | Linux

Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Installation On Enterprise Linux 4.5 and 5.0

This article describes the installation of Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) on Enterprise Linux 4.5 and 5.0, but these instructions work perfectly for the original Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 and 5 distributions, or any other clones such as CentOS 4 and 5. The article is based on a server installation with a minimum of 2G swap, secure Linux disabled. Oracle recommend a default server installation, but for these installations the following package groups installed.

Oracle Enterprise Linux 4.5.

Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0.

An example of these types of Linux installations can be seen in the following locations.

Alternative installations may require more packages to be loaded, in addition to the ones listed below.

Download Software

Download the following software.

Unpack Files

Unzip the files.

unzip linux_11gR1_database.zip

You should now have a single directory called "database" containing installation files.

Hosts File

The "/etc/hosts" file must contain a fully qualified name for the server.

<IP-address>  <fully-qualified-machine-name>  <machine-name>

Set Kernel Parameters

Oracle recommend the following minimum parameter settings.

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648 # Smallest of -> (Half the size of the physical memory) or (4GB - 1 byte)
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536 # 512 * PROCESSES
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=262144

The current values can be tested using the following command.

/sbin/sysctl -a | grep <param-name>

For Enterprise Linux 4.5, the following lines should be appended to the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file.

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648 # Smallest of -> (Half the size of the physical memory) or (4GB - 1 byte)
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=262144

For Enterprise Linux 5.0, the following lines should be appended to the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file.

kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=262144

Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters.

/sbin/sysctl -p

Add the following lines to the /etc/security/limits.conf file.

oracle              soft    nproc   2047
oracle              hard    nproc   16384
oracle              soft    nofile  1024
oracle              hard    nofile  65536

Add the following line to the "/etc/pam.d/login" file, if it does not already exist.

session    required     pam_limits.so

Disable secure linux by editing the "/etc/selinux/config" file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows.

SELINUX=disabled

Alternatively, this alteration can be done using the GUI tool (Applications > System Settings > Security Level). Click on the SELinux tab and disable the feature. If SELinux is disabled after installation, the server will need a reboot for the change to take effect.

Setup

Install the following packages for Enterprise Linux 4.5.

# From Enterprise Linux 4 Disk 1
cd /media/cdrom/Enterprise/RPMS
rpm -Uvh binutils-2.*
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-0.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-2.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-common-2.*
rpm -Uvh libgcc-3.*
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-3.*
rpm -Uvh compat-libstdc++-33*
rpm -Uvh make-3.*
rpm -Uvh unixODBC-2.*
cd /
eject

# From Enterprise Linux 4 Disk 2
cd /media/cdrom/Enterprise/RPMS
rpm -Uvh glibc-devel-2.*
rpm -Uvh gcc-3.*
rpm -Uvh gcc-c++-3.*
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-devel-3.*
cd /
eject

# From Enterprise Linux 4 Disk 3
cd /media/cdrom/Enterprise/RPMS
rpm -Uvh libaio-0.*
rpm -Uvh libaio-devel-0.*
rpm -Uvh sysstat-5.*
cd /
eject

# From Enterprise Linux 4 Disk 4
cd /media/cdrom/Enterprise/RPMS
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-0.*
rpm -Uvh unixODBC-devel-2.*
cd /
eject

Install the following packages for Enterprise Linux 5.0.

# From Enterprise Linux 5 Disk 1
cd /media/cdrom/Server
rpm -Uvh binutils-2.*
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-0.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-2.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-common-2.*
rpm -Uvh libaio-0.*
rpm -Uvh libgcc-4.*
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-4.*
rpm -Uvh make-3.*
cd /
eject

# From Enterprise Linux 5 Disk 2
cd /media/cdrom/Server
rpm -Uvh compat-libstdc++-33*
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-0.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-devel-2.*
rpm -Uvh gcc-4.*
rpm -Uvh gcc-c++-4.*
rpm -Uvh libaio-devel-0.*
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-devel-4.*
rpm -Uvh unixODBC-2.*
rpm -Uvh unixODBC-devel-2.*
cd /
eject

# From Enterprise Linux 5 Disk 3
cd /media/cdrom/Server
rpm -Uvh sysstat-7.*
cd /
eject

Create the new groups and users.

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
groupadd oper
groupadd asmadmin

useradd -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmadmin oracle
passwd oracle

Note. We are not going to use the "asmadmin" group, since this installation will not use ASM.

Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed.

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod -R 775 /u01

Login as root and issue the following command.

xhost +<machine-name>

Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the ".bash_profile" file.

# Oracle Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=oel45.localdomain; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.1.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_SID=DB11G; export ORACLE_SID
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
    ulimit -p 16384
    ulimit -n 65536
  else
    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
  fi
fi

Installation

Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable.

DISPLAY=<machine-name>:0.0; export DISPLAY

Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory.

./runInstaller

During the installation enter the appropriate ORACLE_HOME and name then continue installation. For a more detailed look at the installation process, click on the links below to see screen shots of each stage.

  1. Select Installation Method
  2. Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials
  3. Select Installation Type
  4. Install Location
  5. Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks
  6. Select Configuration Option
  7. Select Database Configuration
  8. Specify Database Configuration Options
  9. Specify Database Configuration Details
  10. Select Database Management Option
  11. Specify Database Storage Option
  12. Specify Backup and Recovery Options
  13. Specify Database Schema Passwords
  14. Oracle Configuration Manager Registration
  15. Summary
  16. Install
  17. Configuration Assistants
  18. Database Configuration Assistant
  19. DatabaseConfiguration Assistant Summary
  20. Execute Configuration Scripts
  21. End of Installation
  22. OEM Database Control Login
  23. OEM Database Control

Post Installation

Edit the "/etc/oratab" file setting the restart flag for each instance to 'Y'.

DB11G:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1:Y

For more information see:

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

Back to the Top.