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Real-Time SQL Monitoring using DBMS_SQLTUNE (REPORT_SQL_MONITOR, REPORT_SQL_MONITOR_LIST and REPORT_SQL_DETAIL)

Real-Time SQL Monitoring reports are available from three locations:

In this article I will demonstrate the use of the DBMS_SQLTUNE package to display SQL monitoring reports without using Enterprise Manager or SQL Developer. This article has been updated to include additional functionality introduced in Oracle 11g Release 2.

Related articles.

Introduction

Oracle 11g automatically monitors SQL statements if they are run in parallel, or consume 5 or more seconds of CPU or I/O in a single execution. This allows resource intensive SQL to be monitored as it is executing, as well as giving access to detailed information about queries once they are complete.

SQL monitoring requires the STATISTICS_LEVEL parameter to be set to 'TYPICAL' or 'ALL', and the CONTROL_MANAGEMENT_PACK_ACCESS parameter set to 'DIAGNOSTIC+TUNING'.

SQL> CONN / AS SYSDBA
Connected.
SQL> SHOW PARAMETER statistics_level

NAME				     TYPE	 VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
statistics_level		     string	 TYPICAL

SQL> SHOW PARAMETER control_management_pack_access

NAME				     TYPE	 VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
control_management_pack_access	     string	 DIAGNOSTIC+TUNING

SQL>

MONITOR Hint

The MONITOR hint switches on SQL monitoring for statements that would not otherwise initiate it.

SELECT /*+ MONITOR */ d.dname, WM_CONCAT(e.ename) AS employees
FROM   emp e
       JOIN dept d ON e.deptno = d.deptno
GROUP BY d.dname
ORDER BY d.dname;

REPORT_SQL_MONITOR

The REPORT_SQL_MONITOR function is used to return a SQL monitoring report for a specific SQL statement. The SQL statement can be identified using a variety of parameters, but it will typically be identified using the SQL_ID parameter.

The function can accept many optional parameters, shown here, but most of the time you will probably only use the following.

The report accesses several dynamic performance views, so you will most likely access it from a privileged user, or a user granted the SELECT_CATALOG_ROLE role.

To see it in action, first we make sure we have a monitored statement to work with.

CONN scott/tiger

SELECT /*+ MONITOR */ d.dname, WM_CONCAT(e.ename) AS employees
FROM   emp e
       JOIN dept d ON e.deptno = d.deptno
GROUP BY d.dname
ORDER BY d.dname;

Monitored statements can be identified using the V$SQL_MONITOR view. This view was present in Oracle 11g Release 1, but has additional columns in Oracle 11g Release 2, making it much more useful. It contains an entry for each execution monitored, so it can contain multiple entries for individual SQL statements.

CONN / AS SYSDBA

-- 11gR1
SELECT sql_id, status
FROM   v$sql_monitor;

SQL_ID	      STATUS
------------- -------------------
526mvccm5nfy4 DONE (ALL ROWS)

SQL>

-- 11gR2
SET LINESIZE 200
COLUMN sql_text FORMAT A80

SELECT sql_id, status, sql_text
FROM   v$sql_monitor
WHERE  username = 'SCOTT';

SQL_ID        STATUS              SQL_TEXT
------------- ------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
526mvccm5nfy4 DONE (ALL ROWS)     SELECT /*+ MONITOR */ d.dname, WM_CONCAT(e.ename) AS employees
                                  FROM   emp e
                                         JOIN dept d ON e.deptno = d.deptno
                                  GROUP BY d.dname
                                  ORDER BY d.dname

SQL>

Once the SQL_ID is identified, we can generate a report using the REPORT_SQL_MONITOR function.

SET LONG 1000000
SET LONGCHUNKSIZE 1000000
SET LINESIZE 1000
SET PAGESIZE 0
SET TRIM ON
SET TRIMSPOOL ON
SET ECHO OFF
SET FEEDBACK OFF

SPOOL /host/report_sql_monitor.htm
SELECT DBMS_SQLTUNE.report_sql_monitor(
  sql_id       => '526mvccm5nfy4',
  type         => 'HTML',
  report_level => 'ALL') AS report
FROM dual;
SPOOL OFF

Examples of the output for each available TYPE are displayed below.

REPORT_SQL_MONITOR_LIST

The REPORT_SQL_MONITOR_LIST function was added in Oracle 11g Release 2 to generate a summary screen, similar to that on the "Monitored SQL Executions" page of Enterprise Manager. There are a number of parameters to filer the content of the report (shown here), but most of the time you will probably only use the TYPE and REPORT_LEVEL parameters, similar to those in the REPORT_SQL_MONITOR function. The query below shows how the function can be used.

SET LONG 1000000
SET LONGCHUNKSIZE 1000000
SET LINESIZE 1000
SET PAGESIZE 0
SET TRIM ON
SET TRIMSPOOL ON
SET ECHO OFF
SET FEEDBACK OFF

SPOOL /host/report_sql_monitor_list.htm
SELECT DBMS_SQLTUNE.report_sql_monitor_list(
  type         => 'HTML',
  report_level => 'ALL') AS report
FROM dual;
SPOOL OFF

Examples of the output for each available TYPE are displayed below.

REPORT_SQL_DETAIL

Although not documented as part of Real-Time SQL Monitoring, the REPORT_SQL_DETAIL function added in Oracle 11g Release 2 returns a report containing SQL monitoring information. Once again, it has several parameters (shown here), but you will probably only use a subset of them to target specific SQL statements, as shown below.

SET LONG 1000000
SET LONGCHUNKSIZE 1000000
SET LINESIZE 1000
SET PAGESIZE 0
SET TRIM ON
SET TRIMSPOOL ON
SET ECHO OFF
SET FEEDBACK OFF

SPOOL /host/report_sql_detail.htm
SELECT DBMS_SQLTUNE.report_sql_detail(
  sql_id       => '526mvccm5nfy4',
  type         => 'ACTIVE',
  report_level => 'ALL') AS report
FROM dual;
SPOOL OFF

Examples of the output for each available TYPE are displayed below.

Active HTML Reports Offline

As mentioned previously, by default Active HTML available in 11gR2 require a download of Javascript libraries and a Flash movie from an Oracle website, so must be used on a PC connected to the internet. An alternative to this is to download the relevant files to a HTTP server on your network (or local machine) and use the BASE_PATH parameter to reference those files rather than the Oracle website.

To show this I will create a new directory under a HTTP server on my network and download the relevant files to it.

mkdir -p /var/www/html/sqlmon
cd /var/www/html/sqlmon
wget --mirror --no-host-directories --cut-dirs=1 http://download.oracle.com/otn_software/emviewers/scripts/flashver.js
wget --mirror --no-host-directories --cut-dirs=1 http://download.oracle.com/otn_software/emviewers/scripts/loadswf.js
wget --mirror --no-host-directories --cut-dirs=1 http://download.oracle.com/otn_software/emviewers/scripts/document.js
wget --mirror --no-host-directories --cut-dirs=1 http://download.oracle.com/otn_software/emviewers/sqlmonitor/11/sqlmonitor.swf

When calling functions in the DBMS_SQLTUNE package, I use the BASE_PATH parameter with the value of "http://192.168.0.4/sqlmon" so the active report will use the local copies of the files, rather than accessing them from the internet.

SET LONG 1000000
SET LONGCHUNKSIZE 1000000
SET LINESIZE 1000
SET PAGESIZE 0
SET TRIM ON
SET TRIMSPOOL ON
SET ECHO OFF
SET FEEDBACK OFF

SPOOL /host/report_sql_monitor.htm
SELECT DBMS_SQLTUNE.report_sql_monitor(
  sql_id       => '526mvccm5nfy4',
  type         => 'ACTIVE',
  report_level => 'ALL',
  base_path    => 'http://192.168.0.4/sqlmon') AS report
FROM dual;
SPOOL OFF

Views

The SQL monitoring functionality accesses a number of existing views, but two new dynamic performance views have been added specifically as part of it.

For more information see:

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

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