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Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Installation On Fedora 8 (F8) - A brief guide to installing Oracle 11g Release 1 (11.1) on Fedora 8 (F8).



Some changes said...

INSTALLING ORACLE 11G ON FEDORA 8
First of all, Idid it!!!!

Ifollowed the instrucctions as on

http://www.oracle-base.com/articles/11g/OracleDB11gR1InstallationOnFedora8.php

by Tim.... but Idid some little changes in order to avoid java problems.

One interesting thing is that I installed Oracle 11g on my Toshiba lap with 512 MB of main memory, but that is not a big problem.

Also my swap space is 1 GB.

Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Installation On Fedora 8 (F8)
This article describes the installation of Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) on Fedora 8 (F8). The article is based on a server installation with a minimum of 2G swap, secure Linux disabled and the following package groups installed:

* GNOME Desktop Environment
* Editors
* Graphical Internet
* Development Libraries
* Development Tools
* Server Configuration Tools
* Administration Tools
* Base
* Fonts
* Legacy Fonts
* Hardware Support
* System Tools
* X Window System

An example of this type of Linux installation can be seen here. Alternative installations may require more packages to be loaded, in addition to the ones listed below.

* Download Software
* Unpack Files
* Hosts File
* Set Kernel Parameters
* Setup
* Installation
* Post Installation

Download Software
Download the following software:

* Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Software

Unpack Files
Unzip the files:

unzip linux_11gR1_database.zip

You should now have a single directory called "database" containing installation files.
Hosts File
The /etc/hosts file must contain a fully qualified name for the server:



Set Kernel Parameters
Oracle recommend the following minimum parameter settings:

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648 # Smallest of -> (Half the size of the physical memory) or (4GB - 1 byte)
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
fs.file-max = 65536 # 512 * PROCESSES
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=262144

The current values can be tested using the following command:

/sbin/sysctl -a | grep

For Fedora 8, the following lines should be appended to the "/etc/sysctl.conf" file.

kernel.shmall = 2097152
kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
net.core.rmem_default=4194304
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=262144

Run the following command to change the current kernel parameters:

/sbin/sysctl -p

Add the following lines to the /etc/security/limits.conf file:

oracle soft nproc 2047
oracle hard nproc 16384
oracle soft nofile 1024
oracle hard nofile 65536

Add the following line to the /etc/pam.d/login file, if it does not already exist:

session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so
session required pam_limits.so

Disable secure linux by editing the /etc/selinux/config file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows:

SELINUX=disabled

Alternatively, this alteration can be done using the GUI tool (System > Administration > Firewall and SELinux). Click on the SELinux tab and disable the feature.
Setup
Install the following packages:

# From Fedora 8 DVD
cd /media/cdrom/Packages
rpm -Uvh binutils-2.*
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-0.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-2.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-common-2.*
rpm -Uvh libgcc-4.*
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-4.*
rpm -Uvh make-3.*
rpm -Uvh elfutils-libelf-devel-0.*
rpm -Uvh glibc-devel-2.*
rpm -Uvh gcc-4.*
rpm -Uvh gcc-c++-4.*
rpm -Uvh libstdc++-devel-4.*
rpm -Uvh unixODBC-2.*
cd /
eject

# Not available on Fedora 8 DVD, but available from standard yum repository.

*** Software actual por bajar (Comment by Francisco)

libaio-0.3.106
libaio-devel-0.3.106
sysstat-7.0.0
compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3

yum install libaio libaio-devel
yum install unixODBC-devel
yum install sysstat
yum install compat-libstdc++

# Required to mask Java conflict (thanks to Robert W. Benton for pointing this out)
yum --enablerepo=development install libxcb.i386

Create the new groups and users:

groupadd oinstall
groupadd dba
groupadd oper
groupadd asmadmin

useradd -g oinstall -G dba,oper,asmadmin oracle
passwd oracle

Note. We are not going to use th "asmadmin" group, since this installation will not use ASM.

Create the directories in which the Oracle software will be installed:

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1
chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
chmod -R 775 /u01

**** A√ĎADIDO (comment by Francisco)

mkdir /oraInventory
chown -R oracle:oinstall /oraInventory/
chmod 775 /oraInventory/

Login as root and issue the following command:

xhost +

Edit the /etc/redhat-release file replacing the current release information (Fedora release 8 (Werewolf)) with the following:

redhat release 5

Login as the oracle user and add the following lines at the end of the .bash_profile file:


# Oracle Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

# You can change for your host name as is in /etc/hosts (Comment by Francisco)

ORACLE_HOSTNAME=f8.localdomain; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.1.0/db_1; export ORACLE_HOME

# Be carefull with defaults as ORACLE_SID=DB11G; export ORACLE_SID (Comment by Francisco)

ORACLE_SID=orcl; export ORACLE_SID
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

# I added /usr/lib/jvm/jre/bin to PATH in order to avoid (Comment by Francisco)
# the error java: xcb_xlib.c:50: xcb_xlib_unlock: Assertion `c->xlib.lock' failed.

PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jre/bin:$PATH; export PATH

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

# I did the same LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jre/lib/i386 (Comment by Francisco)
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jre/lib/i386:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

# And the same CLASSPATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jre/lib/i386 (Comment by Francisco)

CLASSPATH=/usr/lib/jvm/jre/lib/i386:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
ulimit -p 16384
ulimit -n 65536
else
ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
fi
fi

# Required to mask Java conflict (thanks to Robert W. Benton for pointing this out)
LIBXCB_ALLOW_SLOPPY_LOCK=true; export LIBXCB_ALLOW_SLOPPY_LOCK


Installation

Log into the oracle user. If you are using X emulation then set the DISPLAY environmental variable:

DISPLAY=:0.0; export DISPLAY

Start the Oracle Universal Installer (OUI) by issuing the following command in the database directory:

cd database

./runInstaller

During the installation enter the appropriate ORACLE_HOME and name then continue installation. Some of the prerequisite checks will not complete due to this not being a supported Linux distribution. Check each of these prerequisites to set them to "User Verified" then you can proceed. For a more detailed look at the installation process, click on the links below to see screen shots of each stage.

1. Select Installation Method
2. Specify Inventory Directory and Credentials
3. Select Installation Type
4. Install Location
5. Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks
6. Select Configuration Option
7. Select Database Configuration
8. Specify Database Configuration Options
9. Specify Database Configuration Details
10. Select Database Management Option
11. Specify Database Storage Option
12. Specify Backup and Recovery Options
13. Specify Database Schema Passwords
14. Oracle Configuration Manager Registration
15. Summary
16. Install
17. Configuration Assistants
18. Database Configuration Assistant
19. DatabaseConfiguration Assistant Summary
20. Execute Configuration Scripts
21. End of Installation
22. OEM Database Control Login
23. OEM Database Control


Comment by Francisco:

One last thing, I started the database as usual

sqlplus /nolog
connect /as sysdba
startup

The database started!!!!

But when I tryed to start lsnrctl I had the error: Insufficient privileges, so I changed user

su
password

...../bin/lsnrctl start

And everything OK!!!! (Is it rational, Sirs of ORACLE?)

End of Francisco's comment.


Post Installation

Edit the /etc/redhat-release file restoring the original release information:

Fedora release 8 (Werewolf)

Edit the /etc/oratab file setting the restart flag for each instance to 'Y':

DB11G:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/db_1:Y

For more information see:

* Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 1 (11.1) for Linux
* Automating Database Startup and Shutdown on Linux

Hope this helps. Regards Tim...

DYN_DaTa said...

Thanks for this guide!! :).

Robin said...

the installer tries to run some shell scripts with the korn shell (/bin/ksh). Install ksh-20071105-2.fc8 rpm either from the DVD or via yum. (I'm not sure if it is on the DVD. I got mine via yum.)

Obozh81 said...

great article.I'm running my fedora on a x86_64 turion processor.Any changes to the steps?

obozh81 said...

HI,the only change I made was adding the LD_LIBRARY_PATH_32 on the variables section and it worked for x86_64,

Cheers,

henry ugbarugba said...

can anyone help out with how to find the 'fully qualified machine name' and 'machine name'? am trying to install on an oracle vm box. thanks

Tim... said...

Hi.

Open the command line and type "hostname".

Cheers

Tim...

DO NOT ask technical questions here, that's what my forum is for!

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